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Fibre-Rich-Snacks-Aiding-the-Gut-Microbiome (003) The high-fat, low-fibre diets consumed in the western world are failing to support a diverse and healthy #gut #microbiome. Dietary #fibre is known to help prevent #cardiovascular disease, type 2 #diabetes and #obesity through its effects on the #microbiota. However, the gut microbiome is incredibly complex with dietary responses modulated by multiple hereditary and non-hereditary factors, and so harnessing a diet with the desired effect is not an easy task.  Scientists from the Centre for Gut Microbiome and Nutrition Research at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, Missouri, have had work recently published in Nature that sought to investigate the dynamic relationship between the modern diet and the guts microorganisms.

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Immune-Responses-to-Vaccinations--Gut-Microbiotas-Crucial-Role#Vaccines are a highly effective way to prevent infectious diseases as well as reducing the need for #antibiotics and therefore antibiotic resistance. However, #immune responses to vaccinations vary hugely between different individuals and populations. Researchers from Flinders University, South Australia, and Stamford University, USA, have now concluded that the composition and function of an individual’s #gut #microbiota is a driving force in affecting responses to vaccination. The review published in Nature Reviews Immunology, showed how microbiota-targeted interventions could help infants and other at risks group receive the full benefit of effective vaccines.

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