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5.coverThe Journal of Nutrition published a review paper looking at whether the long term use of a multivitamin increased or decreased risk of a cardiovascular incident in men.[1] In summary the longer men ingested multivitamins – greater than 20 years being the time frame the authors highlight, the better their chance of avoiding a major CVD event.

Background
Although multivitamins are widely used by US adults, few prospective studies have investigated their association with the long- and short-term risks of cardiovascular disease (CVD).

Eating just 1 serving daily of legumes such as beans, chickpeas, lentils and peas can significantly reduce “bad cholesterol” and the risk of heart disease, found a study published in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal).[1]

High cholesterol levels are commonly associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease, yet in the main they are modifiable through diet and other lifestyle choices. Most chronic disease prevention guidelines recommend consumption of non–oil-seed legumes (dietary pulses) such as beans, chickpeas, lentils and peas along with other vegetables and fruits as part of a healthy diet, although they have not made specific recommendations based on direct lipid-lowering benefits.

Dogs and Cats confer immune tolerance to children

Of course the concept that early exposure to environmentally challenging agents will reduce risk of allergy is not a new concept, nor is outside of general knowledge, in terms of the hygiene theory. However, each subsequent supportive study continues to support the notion that we can programme our immune system at an early age (but not exclusively) to protect us from overly enthusiastic immune responses later in life.

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